A port city on Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula, Sevastopol was formerly the home of the Soviet Union’s Black Sea Fleet. Today, the city is shared by both the Russian and Ukrainian navies. The city has a population of 342,000, approximately 25,000 of whom are Russian military personnel. Russia leases several harbors around the city for naval use under an agreement that expires in 2017. Ukraine has signaled that it will not renew the lease, thus forcing Russia to begin the transfer of its naval facilities to its own Black Sea port cities. In the early postindependence period, Moscow refused to recognize Ukrainian sovereignty over militarized portions of the city; however, a 1997 agreement saw Russia abandoning any territorial claims to Sevastopol. Despite this, certain ultranationalists within Russia continue to lobby for its integration into the Russian Federation or the granting of Russian citizenship to the city’s residents. With a pleasant climate, scenic quays, and art nouveau architecture, Sevastopol is an attractive tourist destination; however, during the Soviet period, it was a closed city due to its military significance. Like the rest of Crimea, the Russian language is the dominant medium of communication. Ethnic Russians form a majority (71 percent), while Ukrainians make up slightly less than a quarter of the city’s population.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • SEVASTOPOL — SEVASTOPOL, city in Crimea, Ukraine. Jews lived there in the Greek period when the city was called Khersones. Shortly after its foundation in 1784, Jews began to settle in Sevastopol, many of them from Galicia. They engaged in commerce and crafts …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sevastopol — (Севастополь antes conocida como Sebastopol, en turco Akyar) es una ciudad de Ucrania, en la península de Crimea en el Mar Negro. Tiene una población de 400.000 habitantes. Antigua base naval de la flota del Mar Negro soviética, aún es utilizada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sevastopol — → Sebastopol …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Sevastopol — [sə vas′tə pōl΄; ] Russ [ se΄väs tō̂′pəl y ] seaport in SW Crimea, on the Black Sea: pop. 366,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Sevastopol — For other uses, see Sevastopol (disambiguation). Sevastopol Севастополь Aqyar View of Sevastopol …   Wikipedia

  • Sevastopol — Stadt Sewastopol місто Севастополь Bas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sevastopol — /seuh vas teuh pohl , sev euh stoh peuhl/; Russ. /syi vu staw peuhl/, n. a fortified seaport in the S Crimea, in S Ukraine: famous for its heroic resistance during sieges of 349 days in 1854 55, and 245 days in 1941 42. 350,000. Also, Sebastopol …   Universalium

  • Sevastopol — Original name in latin Sevastopol Name in other language Akhiar, Akhtyar, Akujar, Akyar, Aqyar, Gorad Sevastopal , Sebastopol, Sebastopoli, Sebastopolis, Sebastopolo, Sebastpol, Sevastopol, Sevastopol , Sevastopole, Sevastopolis, Sevastopolj,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sevastopol — Sébastopol Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sebastopol (homonymie). Panorama de Sébastopol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sevastopol — Aqyar (Crimean Tatar, Tatar), Sevastopol Севастополь (Russian, Ukrainian), Akyar and variant Sivastopol (Turkish), Sebastopol (Spanish, former English), Sevastopol (Finnish, Romanian), Sevastopole (Latvian), Sewastopol (Polish), Sevastúpoli… …   Names of cities in different languages

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